Phrase Forms

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This lesson is part of the Rhythm, Meter & Form category.


  • Students will understand the definition of a musical phrase.
  • Students will be able to write and analyze melodic sentential and periodic structures, including their subcomponents (basic idea, antecedent/consequent, presentation/continuation, cadential progression)
  • Students will be able to identify different types of phrases and multi-phrase structures.
  • Students will be able to compare and contrast a phrase to its theoretical template.


Class Activities[edit]

  • Discussion and definition of phrase analysis
  • Phrase analysis of different types of music
  • Composition of a phrase type given a specific motive
  • Composition and improvisation of a consequent phrase which corresponds to a given antecedent phrase


  • Phrase analysis of written and recorded music
  • Composition of a consequent phrase for a given antecedent phrase
  • Writing of a phrase structure given a specific motive (as basic idea or antecedent)